AWS Plugin


The AWS plugin enables you to use Cloudify to manage Cloud resources on AWS. The currently supported resource types are described below.

Note

Some services and resources vary in availability between regions and accounts.

For information about the library, click here.

Plugin Requirements

  • Python version 2.7.x
  • AWS account

Compatibility

This version of Cloudify is only compatible with AWS Plugin version 1.3, and later.

If you are using an older AWS plugin, use one of the following workarounds.

  • Connect to your Manager machine and move the /etc/cloudify/aws_plugin/boto file to /root/boto.
  • In the AWS manager, change the aws_config_path: /etc/cloudify/aws_plugin/boto line to aws_config_path: /root/boto.

The AWS plugin uses the Boto 2.38 client.

Note

This version of Boto EC2 Connection supports (AWS) APIVersion = ‘2014-10-01’. This version of Boto ELB Connecton supports (AWS) APIVersion = ‘2012-06-01’.

Terminology

  • VPC - Virtual Private Cloud. For more information about VPCs, see AWS Documentation.
  • EC2-Classic - The original release of Amazon EC2. On this platform, instances run in a single, flat network that is shared with other customers.
  • Region - A general geographical area, such as “Central Europe” or “East US”.
  • **availability_zone** - One of many discrete locations within a region, such as us-west-1b. When specifying an availability_zone, you must specify a zone that is in the region to which you are connecting.

Types

This section describes the node type definitions. Nodes describe resources in your Cloud infrastructure. For more information, see node type.

Common Properties

All Cloud resource nodes have common properties:

Properties

  • use_external_resource - A boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id - The ID of an existing resource when the use_external_resource property is set to true. (For more informaiton, see using existing resources below). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • aws_config - A dictionary that contains values to be passed to the connection client. For information on values that are acceptable, see the boto documentation.

Each time that you manage a resource with Cloudify, one or more clients are created using the AWS API. You specify the configuration for these clients using the aws_config property. The property must be a dictionary, with the following values:

Your AWS API access credentials
Click here for more information.

  • aws_access_key_id (required)
  • aws_secret_access_key (required)

Region information:

  • ec2_region_name - The EC2 region name, such as us-east-1. You may also use the word region to refer to the same thing. (Required, except with the cloudify.aws.nodes.ElasticLoadBalancer node type.)
  • ec2_region_endpoint - The endpoint of the EC2 service, for example ec2.us-east-1.amazonaws.com.
  • elb_region_name - The ELB region name. Usually has the same value as your ec2_region_name, though not interchangeable. (Required in the cloudify.aws.nodes.ElasticLoadBalancer node type.)
  • elb_region_endpoint - The endpoint of the ELB service, for example elasticloadbalancing.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com.

See the cloudify.datatypes.aws.Config data type definition in the plugin.yaml for the plugin. Note that availability_zone and region are not synonymous, and that availability_zone is not part of the AWS configuration.

cloudify.aws.nodes.Instance

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Compute

Properties:

  • parameters - Key-value server configuration, as described in AWS EC2 Classic.
    • The public key that is set for the server must match the private key name in your AWS account. The public key can be set in a number of ways:
      • By connecting the instance node to a keypair node using the cloudify.aws.relationships.instance_connected_to_keypair relationship.
      • By setting it explicitly in the key_name key under the parameters property.
      • If the agent’s keypair information is set in the provider context, the agents’ keypair will serve as the default public key to be used, if it was not specified otherwise.
    • If the server is to have an agent installed on it, it should use the agents security group. If you are using a Manager that is bootstrapped with the standard aws-manager-blueprint, a provider context dictionary on the Manager provides this value to the plugin. You can also use other security groups via:
      • security_groupsA list of security group names.
      • security_group_idsA list of security group IDs.
    • To specify the availability_zone for your instance, you must use the placement key.
  • image_id The AMI image ID for the instance. For more information, click here.
  • instance_type The instance type for the instance. For more information, click here.
  • name Enables you to provide a name for your instance. The instance is tagged with the name and appears in your AWS console.

Example

This example demonstrates how to add more parameters, tag an instance name, and define the aws_config.

  

  my_ec2_instance:
    type: cloudify.aws.nodes.Instance
    properties:
      image_id: ami-abcd1234
      instance_type: t1.micro
      parameters:
        placement: us-east-1
      name: my_ec2_instance
      aws_config:
        aws_access_key_id: ...
        aws_secret_access_key: ...
        ec2_region_name: us-east-1
...

  

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates the instance.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.start Starts the instance, if it is not already started.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.stop Stops the instance, if it is not already stopped.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes the instance and waits for termination.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section. In additon, the plugin checks to see if the image_id is available to your account.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

The create function also sets the reservation_id attribute. For information, click here.

The following additional runtime_properties are available on node instances of this type, after the cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.start operation succeeds.

  • ip The instance’s private IP address.
  • private_dns_name The instance’s private FQDN in Amazon.
  • public_dns_name The instances’s public FQDN in Amazon.
  • public_ip_address The instance’s public IP address.

Additional To use the instance in a VPC, you must connect the instance to a subnet using the cloudify.aws.relationships.instance_contained_in_subnet relationship.

cloudify.aws.nodes.WindowsInstance

Derived From: cloudify.aws.nodes.Instance

Use this type when working with a Windows server. It has the same properties and operations-mapping as cloudify.aws.nodes.Instance, but overrides some of the agent and plugin installations operations-mapping derived from the built-in cloudify.nodes.Compute type.

The default value for the use_password property is overridden for this type, and is set to true. In this case, the password of the Windows server is retrieved, decrypted and located under the password runtime property of this node instance.

cloudify.aws.nodes.KeyPair

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Root

Properties:

  • resource_id Special behavior. When using a new (non-external) security group or key pair, this becomes the resource name. See the using existing resources section.
  • private_key_path Required. The path (on the machine on which the plugin is running) to where the private key is stored. If use_external_resource is set to true, the existing private key is expected to be located at this path.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates the key pair.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes the key pair.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section. Additional validations that take place are:
    • Validation that the provided private key path does not exist for a new keypair resource.
    • Validation that the provided private key path does exist and includes the correct permissions and/or owner for an existing key pair resource.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

cloudify.aws.nodes.SecurityGroup

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.SecurityGroup

Properties:

  • resource_id If this is a new resource (use_external_resource is false), this is the name property of the new security group.
  • description Description of the security group.
  • rules Key-value security group rule configuration, as described here. Defaults to [].
    • ip_protocol
    • from_port
    • to_port
    • cidr_ip OR src_group_id.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates the security group, along with its defined rules.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes the security group.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Additional

Note that, to create a security group in a VPC, you must connect the security group to the VPC using the cloudify.aws.relationships.security_group_contained_in_vpc relationship.

cloudify.aws.nodes.Volume

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Volume

Properties:

  • size The size ot the volume in GB.
  • zone A string representing the AWS availability zone.
  • device The device on the instance

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates an EBS volume.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.start Starts an EBS volume.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes an EBS volume.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.
  • cloudify.interfaces.aws.snapshot Creates a snapshot of an EBS volume.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Note that the ID of the volume in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.ElasticIP

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Root

Properties:

  • domain Not required, but if the Elastic IP must be allocated in the VPC, make vpc the value of this property.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates the Elastic IP.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes the Elastic IP.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the Runtime Properties section.

Note that the actual IP is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.ElasticLoadBalancer

Derived From: cloudify.aws.nodes.ElasticLoadBalancer

Properties:

  • elb_name The name associated with the new load balancer.
  • zones The names of the availability zone(s) to add (list of strings).
  • security_groups The security groups assigned to your LoadBalancer within your VPC (list of strings). Security groups only supported with vpc.
  • listeners List of tuples- Each tuple contains three or four values: LoadBalancerPortNumber, InstancePortNumber, Protocol, [SSLCertificateId]. See listeners under cloudify.aws.nodes.ElasticLoadBalancer in plugin.yaml.
  • health_checks List of healthchecks (dicts) to use as criteria for instance health.
  • scheme The type of a LoadBalancer. This option is only available for LoadBalancers attached to an Amazon VPC.
  • subnets A list of subnet IDs in your VPC to attach to your LoadBalancer.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates an ElasticLoadBalancer.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.start Starts an ElasticLoadBalancer.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes an ElasticLoadBalancer.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the Runtime Properties section.

Note that the ID of the load balancer in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.VPC

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Network

For more info on VPC, click here.

Properties:

  • cidr_block Set the base CIDR block for your VPC.
  • instance_tenancy Set this property to dedicated if your VPC is on dedicated hardware. Note that Cloudify is not responsible for charges on your account for this.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates a VPC.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes a VPC.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the Runtime Properties section.

Note that the ID of the VPC in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property. When a VPC is created, it receives several default attachments. Cloudify assigns a runtime property for the original DHCP options set, called default_dhcp_options_id. Note that this is not necessarily the current DHCP options set.

cloudify.aws.nodes.Subnet

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Subnet

Properties:

  • cidr_block Split your VPC’s CIDR block between one or many subnets.
  • availability_zone Not required but recommended, to avoid reliance on AWS to ensure that all your resources are placed in your preferred availability zone.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates a subnet.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes a subnet.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Note that the ID of the subnet in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.Gateway

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Root

Note that this is a base type for InternetGateway, VPNGateway and CustomerGateway. Not to be used directly.

cloudify.aws.nodes.InternetGateway

Derived From: cloudify.aws.nodes.Gateway

Properties:

  • cidr_block Route 0.0.0.0/0 for all internet traffic.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates an internet gateway.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes an internet gateway.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Note that the ID of the internet gateway in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.VPNGateway

Derived From: cloudify.aws.nodes.Gateway

Properties:

  • availability_zone Not required but recommended, to avoid reliance on AWS to ensure that all your resources are placed in your preferred availability zone.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates a VPN gateway.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes a VPN gateway.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section section.

Note that the ID of the VPN gateway in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.CustomerGateway

Derived From: cloudify.aws.nodes.Gateway

Properties:

  • type Type of tunnel. Default is ipsec.1.
  • ip_address Your VPN endpoint IP.
  • bgp_asn Your ISP’s autonomous system number.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates a customer gateway.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes a customer gateway.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Note that the ID of the customer gateway in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.ACL

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Root

Properties:

  • acl_network_entries A list of of network ACL entries. See the cloudify.datatypes.aws.NetworkAclEntry in the plugin.yaml data definitions section for its structure.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates a network ACL.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes a network ACL.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Note that the ID of network_acl in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.DHCPOptions

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Root

Properties:

  • domain_name The domain name that you associate with your DCHP.
  • domain_name_servers A list of existing domain name servers’ IP addresses.
  • ntp_servers A list of existing NTP servers’ IP addresses.
  • netbios_name_servers A list of existing NetBIOS servers’ IP addresses.
  • netbios_node_type The type of Net BIOS.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates a DHCP options set.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes a DHCP options set.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Note that the ID of the DHCP option set in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.RouteTable

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Root

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates a route table.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes a route table.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation See the common validations section.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Note that the ID of the route_table in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.Interface

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Port

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates a network interface.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.start Starts a network interface.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes a network interface.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Note that the ID of the network_interface in AWS is available via the aws_resource_id runtime-property.

cloudify.aws.nodes.SecurityGroupRule

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Root

Properties:

  • rule A list of security group rule properties. See cloudify.datatypes.aws.SecurityGroupRule in the plugin.yaml data definitions section for its structure.

cloudify.aws.nodes.SecurityGroupRule.Multi

Derived From: cloudify.aws.nodes.SecurityGroupRule

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create Creates circular dependency of security groups.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete Deletes circular dependency of security groups.

Additional

Note that, to create a security group circular dependency, you must connect the security group rule multi to the security group it is contained in using the cloudify.aws.relationships.rule_contained_in_security_group relationship and to the security group it depends on using the cloudify.aws.relationships.rule_depends_on_security_group.

Relationships

See the relationships section.

The following plugin relationship operations are defined in the AWS plugin:

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.instance_connected_to_elastic_ip Connects an instance to an Elastic IP. The source is the instance and the target is the Elastic IP.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.instance_connected_to_keypair The run_instances operation checks if there are any relationships that define a relationship between the instance and a key pair. If so, that key pair is the keypair for that instance. The operation inserts the key’s name property in the key_name parameter in the run_instances function.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.instance_connected_to_security_group The run_instances operation checks if there are any relationships that define a relationship between the instance and a security group. If so, that security group’s ID is included in the list of security groups in the security_group_ids parameter in the run_instances function.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.instance_contained_in_subnet The run_instances operation checks if there are any relationships to a subnet and creates the instance in that subnet. Otherwise, the instance is in the EC2 Classic VPC.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.instance_connected_to_load_balancer Registers an EC2 instance with an Elastic load balancer.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.security_group_contained_in_vpc A security group is created in EC2 classic unless it has this relationship. It is then created in the target VPC.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.volume_connected_to_instance Attaches an EBS volume to an instance.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.subnet_contained_in_vpc Required so that, when a subnet is created, the plugin can identify in which VPC to create the subnet.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.routetable_contained_in_vpc Required so that, when a route table is created, the plugin can identify in which VPC to create the route table. A route table can be created in only one VPC for its entire lifecycle.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.routetable_associated_with_subnet A route table can be associated with no more than one subnet at a time.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.route_table_to_gateway Adds multiple routes to route tables. You can add them as arguments to the create operation of the route table. For gateways, this is abstracted into a relationship. This adds a route to the source route table to the destination gateway. The gateway must have a cidr_block node property.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.gateway_connected_to_vpc Attaches either a VPN gateway or an internet Gateway to a VPC.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.network_acl_contained_in_vpc Required for network ACLs. A network ACL must be contained in a VPC so that the plugin can identify where to put it.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.network_acl_associated_with_subnet Associates a network ACL with a specific subnet.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.route_table_of_source_vpc_connected_to_target_peer_vpc Creates a VPC peering connection. A VPC peering connection is a connection between two VPCs. It requires a route table with which to associate the routes. This adds routes to the source route table and to the target VPC route table. You also require a cloudify.relationships.depends_on relationship to the target VPC’s route table, if you have a node_template to create one.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.dhcp_options_associated_with_vpc Indicates which VPC with which to associate a DHCP options set.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.customer_gateway_connected_to_vpn_gateway Represents a VPC connection between a customer gateway and a VPN gateway.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.instance_connected_to_eni Connects an instance to a NetworkInterface. The source is the instance and the target is the network interface.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.rule_depends_on_security_group Indicates which SecurityGroupRule depends on which SecurityGroup.

  • cloudify.aws.relationships.rule_contained_in_security_group Represents which SecurityGroupRule is contained in which SecurityGroup.

Types Common Behaviors

Validations

All types provide the same base functionality for the cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation interface operation:

  • If it is a new resource (use_external_resource is set to false), the basic validation verifies that the resource does not exist.

  • When using an existing resource, the validation verifies that the resource does exist.

Runtime Properties

See the runtime properties section.

Node instances of any of the types defined in this plugin are set with the following runtime properties during the cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create operation:

  • aws_resource_id AWS ID of the resource.

Default Resource Naming Convention

If use_external_resource is set to true in the blueprint, the resource_id must be that resource’s ID in AWS, unless the resource type is a key pair, in which case the value is the key’s name.

Using Existing Resources

You can use existing resources on AWS, regardless of whether they have been created by a different Cloudify deployment or outside of Cloudify.

All Cloudify AWS types have a property named use_external_resource, for which the default value is false. When set to true, the plugin applies different semantics for each of the operations executed on the relevant node’s instances:

The following behavior is common to all resource types:

  • create If use_external_resource is true, the AWS plugin checks if the resource is available in your account. If the resource is unavailable, the operation fails. If it is available, the plugin assigns the aws_resource_id to the runtime_properties instance .
  • delete If use_external_resource is true, the AWS plugin checks if the resource is available in your account. If the resource is unavailable, the operation fails. If it is available, it unassigns the runtime_properties instance.

The following behaviors are unique:

  • aws.ec2.instance.start If use_external_resource is true, the runtime_properties for public_ip_address, etc, are set and the function exits.
  • aws.ec2.instance.stop If use_external_resource is true, the runtime_properties for public_ip_address, etc, are cleared, and the function exits.
  • cloudify.aws.relationships.instance_connected_to_elastic_ip If the use_external_resource value of both the instance and the elasticip are external, the function sets the relationship properties. If either are not external, the function fails.
  • cloudify.aws.relationships.instance_connected_to_security_group If the use_external_resource value of both the instance and the security groups are external, the function sets the relationship properties. If either are not external, the function fails.
  • cloudify.aws.relationships.route_table_of_source_vpc_connected_to_target_peer_vpc Runs regardless of whether the source or target node is external.

Account Information

The plugin requires access to your aws_access_key_id and aws_secret_access_key in order to operate. Read about your AWS Boto configuration here.

Tips

  • It is highly recommended that you ensure that AWS names are unique. Many operations will fail if you have existing resources with identical names.
  • When packaging blueprints for use with a Manager, the Manager adds the following configurations, which you can override in your blueprint:
    • aws_config
    • agent_keypair
    • agent_security_group