Interfaces


Interfaces provide a way to map logical tasks to executable operations.

Declaration

Node Types and Relationships Interface

  
node_types:
  some_type:
    interfaces:
      interface1:
        op1:
          ...
        op2:
          ...
      interface2:
        ...
relationships:
  some_relationship:
    source_interfaces:
      interface1:
        ...
    target_interfaces:
      interface2:
        ...
  

Each interface declaration under the different interfaces/source_interfaces/target_interfaces sections is a dictionary of operations.

Node Templates Interface Declaration

  
node_templates:
  some_node:
    interfaces:
      ...
    relationships:
      - type: ...
        target: ...
        source_interfaces:
          ...
        target_interfaces:
          ...
  

Operations

Operation Declaration in Node Types and Relationships Interfaces

  
node_types:
  some_type:
    interfaces:
      interface1:
        op1:
          implementation: ...
          inputs:
            ...
          executor: ...
          max_retries: ...
          retry_interval: ...
  

Operation Schema

Keyname Required Type Description
implementation yes string The script or plugin task name to execute.
inputs no dict Schema of inputs that will be passed to the implementation as kwargs.
executor no string Valid values: central_deployment_agent, host_agent. See the Plugins Specification for more info.
max_retries no number Maximum number of retries for a task. -1 means infinite retries (Default: task_retries in manager blueprint Cloudify Manager Type for remote workflows and task_retries workflow configuration for local workflows).
retry_interval no number Minimum wait time (in seconds) in between task retries (Default: task_retry_interval in manager blueprint Cloudify Manager Type for remote workflows and task_retry_interval workflow configuration for local workflows).


Operation Simple Mapping

  
node_types:

  some_type:
    interfaces:
      interface1:
        op1: plugin_name.path.to.module.task
  

When mapping an operation to an implementation, if there is no need to pass inputs or override the executor, the full mapping structure can be avoided and the implementation can be written directly.


Operation Input Declaration

  
node_types:
  some_type:
    interfaces:
      interface1:
        op1:
          implementation: ...
          inputs:
            input1:
              description: ...
              type: ...
              default: ...
          executor: ...
  

Operation Input Schema

Keyname Required Type Description
description no string Description for the input.
type no string Input type. Not specifying a data type means the type can be anything (also types not listed in the valid types). Valid types: string, integer, boolean
default no <any> An optional default value for the input.


Operation Inputs in Node Templates Interfaces Declaration

  
node_types:
  some_type:
    interfaces:
      interface1:
        op1:
          implementation: plugin_name.path.to.module.task
          inputs:
            input1:
              description: some mandatory input
            input2:
              description: some optional input with default
              default: 1000
          executor: ...

node_templates:
  type: some_type
  some_node:
    interfaces:
      interface1:
        op1:
          inputs:
            input1: mandatory_input_value
            input3: some_additional_input
  

When an operation in a node template interface is inherited from a node type or a relationship interface:

  • All inputs that were declared in the operation inputs schema must be provided.
  • Additional inputs, which were not specified in the operation inputs schema, may be passed as well.

Examples

In the following examples, we will declare an interface which will allow us to:

  • Configure a master deployment server using a plugin.
  • Deploy code on the hosts using a plugin.
  • Verify that the deployment succeeded using a shell script.
  • Start the application after the deployment ended.

For the sake of simplicity, we will not refer to relationships in these examples.

Configuring Interfaces in Node Types

Configuring the master server:

  
plugins:
  deployer:
    executor: central_deployment_agent

node_types:
  nodejs_app:
    derived_from: cloudify.nodes.ApplicationModule
    properties:
      ...
    interfaces:
      my_deployment_interface:
        configure:
          implementation: deployer.config_in_master.configure

node_templates:
  nodejs:
    type: nodejs_app
  

In this example, we’ve:

  • Declared a deployer plugin which, by default, should execute its operations on the Cloudify manager.
  • Declared a node type with a my_deployment_interface interface that has a single configure operation which is mapped to the deployer.config_in_master.configure task.
  • Declared a nodejs node template of type nodejs_app.

Overriding the executor

In the above example we’ve declared an executor for our deployer plugin. Cloudify enables declaring an executor for a single operation thus overriding the previous declaration.

  
plugins:
  deployer:
    executor: central_deployment_agent

node_types:
  nodejs_app:
    derived_from: cloudify.nodes.ApplicationModule
    properties:
      ...
    interfaces:
      my_deployment_interface:
        configure:
          implementation: deployer.config_in_master.configure
        deploy:
          implementation: deployer.deploy_framework.deploy
          executor: host_agent

node_templates:
  vm:
    type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Server
  nodejs:
    type: nodejs_app
  

Here we added a deploy operation to our my_deployment_interface interface. Note that its executor attribute is configured to host_agent which means that even though the deployer plugin is configured to execute operations on the central_deployment_agent, the deploy operation will be executed on hosts of the nodejs_app rather than the Cloudify manager.

Declaring an operation implementation within the node

You can specify a full operation definition within the node’s interface under the node template itself.

  
plugins:
  deployer:
    executor: central_deployment_agent

node_types:
  nodejs_app:
    derived_from: cloudify.nodes.ApplicationModule
    properties:
      ...
    interfaces:
      my_deployment_interface:
        ...

node_templates:
  vm:
    type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Server
  nodejs:
    type: nodejs_app
    interfaces:
      my_deployment_interface:
        ...
        start: scripts/start_app.sh
  

Let’s say that we use our my_deployment_interface on more than the nodejs node. While on all other nodes, a start operation is not mapped to anything, we’d like to have a start operation for the nodejs node specifically, which will run our application after it is deployed.

Here, we’ve declared a start operation and mapped it to execute a script specifically on the nodejs node.

This comes to show that you can define your interfaces either in node_types or in node_templates depending on whether you want to reuse the declared interfaces in diffrent nodes or declare them in specific nodes.

Operation Inputs

Operations can specify inputs that will be passed to the implementation.

  
plugins:
  deployer:
    executor: central_deployment_agent

node_types:
  nodejs_app:
    derived_from: cloudify.nodes.ApplicationModule
    properties:
      ...
    interfaces:
      my_deployment_interface:
        configure:
          ...
        deploy:
          implementation: deployer.deploy_framework.deploy
          executor: host_agent
          inputs:
            source:
              description: deployment source
              type: string
              default: git
        verify:
          implementation: scripts/deployment_verifier.py

node_templates:
  vm:
    type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Server
  nodejs_app:
    type: cloudify.nodes.WebServer
    interfaces:
      my_deployment_interface:
        ...
        start:
          implementation: scripts/start_app.sh
          inputs:
            app: my_web_app
            validate: true
  

Here, we added an input to the deploy operation under the my_deployment_interface interface in our nodejs_app node type and two inputs to the start operation in the nodejs node’s interface.

Note

Note that interface inputs are NOT the same type of objects as the inputs defined in the inputs section of the blueprint. Interface inputs are passed directly to a plugin’s operation (as **kwargs to our deploy operation in the deployer plugin) or, in the case of our start operations, to the Script Plugin.

Relationship Interfaces

For information on relationship interfaces see Relationships Specification.